[8]. Authors of the paper, published in the journal Natural Hazards, examined wave and sea level data around historic flood events and found that multiple factors contribute to flooding in the Indian Ocean island chain, which has an average land elevation of just one metre. From the time the history of Maldives … Beware of the sun in Maldives! Many of the country’s islands have pockets of underground fresh water; as sea water levels rise, these pockets are contaminated. There are countries (e.g., the Netherlands) that have been battling rising sea levels for many years through infrastructure investment. The Maldivian government released a detailed report (National Adaptation Program of Action) that outlines in detail the major threats to the country resulting from climate change and proposals for how to address these. The main reason is that short-term solutions such as reclamation of some islands as you mentioned in the article could be detrimental to the long-term sustainability as it causes some damages to the existing lands. [1] Statistical Pocket Book of Maldives: http://statisticsmaldives.gov.mv/nbs/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Statistical-Pocketbook-of-Maldives-2017.pdf. In the Maldives, all islands except for 9 were hit by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. A very high sun protection is a must … Maldives, independent island country in the north-central Indian Ocean. Tourism represents about a third of the country’s GDP, and 45% of tourism resorts experienced severe beach erosion in 2006. India, Sri Lanka, Australia. Saudi King agreed to lease Faafu islands, injecting investment into the Maldives to fight with rising sea level[1]. Yep, you read that correctly. An inch of sea level rise means life threatening in the years to come. Fascinating content, JDW. [2] Cia.gov. Available: http://statisticsmaldives.gov.mv/nbs/wp-content/uploads/sites/4/2015/12/PP9.xls. I found this case extremely difficult to reconcile the best approach to save Maldives. In theory, it would eventually be able to relocate the entire population of the country. Simply put, just because this is not as urgent as Hurricane or Tsunami relief doesn’t mean that the results are going to be any different. None of these options would be problem-free. Most importantly, what are the sustainable solutions so we do not have to see any islands facing the similar problems and how is the country going to fund it? [online] Nytimes.com. 1. Matthew Wadey, Sally Brown, Robert J. Nicholls, Ivan Haigh. The Maldivian government has identified many potential strategies for adapting to rising seas, but is … A. Doyle, “Maldives takes step to “carbon neutrality” by 2020,”, B. Doherty, “Climate change castaways consider move to Australia,”, R. Ramesh, “Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy a new homeland,”, N. J. Dauenhauer, “On front line of climate change as Maldives fights rising seas,”. The causes of coastal flooding in the Maldives are more complex than previously thought, according to a new study from the University of Southampton. The sea levels across the globe is rising, which displays a long-term, increasing trend. Trump Will Withdraw U.S. From Paris Climate Agreement. by Benjamin Sacks The Maldives is sinking. The Maldives is a country made up of over 1,000 low-lying islands, and land below sea level totals 80 per cent. Sadly, this is not even the first place that has succumbed to climate change – there have already been climate change refugees in Alaska, as one city was forced to relocate due to rising sea levels [1]. Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of ScienceDaily, its staff, its contributors, or its partners. Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Nasheed fell from power when he resigned in the aftermath of a political crisis in 2012, and his successor dropped the relocation plan. The history of the Maldives is intertwined with the history of the broader Indian subcontinent and the surrounding regions, comprising the areas of South Asia and Indian Ocean; and the modern nation consisting of 26 natural atolls, comprising 1194 islands.Historically, the Maldives had a strategic importance because of its location on the major marine routes of the Indian Ocean. “Tourism with resorts acting as natural reserves can be the saviours of the Maldives,” says Adam. "Complex causes of Maldives flooding." For most of the world, the consequences of carbon emissions seem to be a distant afterthought, perhaps statistics that are decades away from causing any real harm to their daily lives. At least 30 flood events have been recorded in the Maldives over the last 50 years, including major floods in the capital city, Malé. Therefore, I do believe that developed countries (who have contributed significantly to climate change) have an obligation to help these badly effected nations. Note: Content may be edited for style and length. For example, the government could increase airport taxes, marginally increasing flight prices.In 2016 there were just under 4 million international passengers travelling into the Maldives [1]. The Maldives contains around 3% of the world’s coral reefs and the islands are considered particularly at risk of climate change because they are … Obviously, this case is simpler as they were able to relocate to their own country, and even their home state, but this impact is already very real, and I agree with other commenters that action is unlikely to be taken anytime soon given the current state of international politics. Register for an account. However, tourism would certainly be hit if all the beaches were enclosed by dykes! The Maldives is one of the most popular holiday destinations in the world and with picture-perfect tropical surrounds, sublime beaches, stunning year-round weather, exclusive island resorts and inviting, warm waters that are home to a wealth of vibrant marine life, it’s not difficult to see why. Very difficult and complicated issue – and certainly unequitable. Climate change is always a discussion topic at large international organizations and we hear about it all the time. ScienceDaily. The other thing that large countries can provide is land for the islanders to resettle on. [2], While it is possible for some coral islands to naturally reform and adjust to increases in sea level, the Maldivian capital city of Malè is not one of them due to a number of rigid systems built up over the years to protect against storms. “Reeling from effects of climate change, Alaskan village votes to relocate.” The New York Times. Wave 'set up' -- the raising of water levels at the coast caused by breaking waves -- was found to be the main cause of flooding. Diverting the funds towards such strategies may potentially represent a more effective way of preventing residence from being displaced. (2017). It is devastating to know we are under a threat to potentially lose such a beautiful country. Similar to the Maldives, it seems like Venice and Amsterdam will follow [1]. The country as also committed to becoming the first carbon neutral country by 2020 (despite contributing a negligible amount of carbon emissions today). The Republic of Maldives is Sinking. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/20/us/shishmaref-alaska-elocate-vote-climate-change.html. (2017). For those who want to challenge climate change, this island only needs to be shown. I think it is the responsibility of the humanity as a whole to take action on climate change and to support low lying island nations like the Maldives. The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency. Though the important question here is how the nation will hold its sovereignty and co-exist on others’ territory. The only thing we can hope for is that the fate of these smaller islands and cities remains a stark reminder for humanity, that many lives will be lost and lands squandered if we don’t change our ways soon. ScienceDaily, 7 August 2017. [Online]. Finally, the country’s islands are protected by coral reefs. What will the international relations implications be? [7], The former president established a sovereign wealth fund, funded primarily by tourism revenue, that would be used to fund relocation of the country’s residents that would be displaced by rising sea levels. Available at: http://www.netherlands-tourism.com/netherlands-sea-level/ [Accessed 26 Nov. 2017]. In general, the United Nations should feel obliged to commit to concrete and measurable goals of emissions that would keep the temperature increase at below 2 degree Celsius. [5]. Monitoring waves, sea level and floods is important, but further work is needed to better understand processes that cause flooding in reef environments in the Maldives and other low-lying coasts.” Languages. A better understanding of what is happening with the driving factors is critical if we are to address the implications of flooding, especially when they could exacerbate the situation of rising sea levels.". Twenty-six coralline are spread across the top of an undersea volcanic ridge … IPCC, “Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability,” Cambridge University Press, 2001. 1. between 10 - 15 feet, hit an estimated 68 islands in 16 Atolls across the Maldives, causing the inundation of up to 600 metres from the coastline. Thank you for your article. [1] Mele, Christopher and Daniel Victor. Maldives Equatorial Sun Light. I think it’s near impossible that these small islands will be able to survive. March 20 2019. 13.In 2011, UNESCO designated an area comprised of 75 islands as the Ba… Two-thirds of the capital city Malé was flooded during the first hours of the day. The geography and the environment of the Maldives is highly sensitive. Tsunamis in Maldives and is there a season for Tsunamis There are of course no season for tsunamis, like everywhere else in the world. Content on this website is for information only. The year-round warm weather, endless white beaches and inviting water make the Maldives an exotic and scenic paradise on Earth, and a perfect getaway for vacationers and honeymooners. I wonder if the Maldives has contingency plans for if and when their island is no longer able to exist. The government takes money from Chinese development banks (instead of using funds available from the several climate funds), begging the question if the focus is really on long-term survival or instead on economic development for tourism. One should start planning soon as the Maldives is disappearing under the ocean. Torrential rain and thunderstorms across the Maldives have caused heavy flooding in several islands over the past three days. Being land scarce and low lying, the country is exposed to the risks of intensifying weather events such as damage caused by inundation, extreme winds, and flooding from storms. University of Southampton. Local media, quoting Maldives meteorology department, said the capital had experienced a record 149mm in a few hours to the afternoon of Wednesday, 06 December. You must be logged in to post a comment. There have been no drastic changes made by major carbon polluters that can reduce rising sea levels dramatically and the United States has pulled out of the Paris agreement [2]. "Complex causes of Maldives flooding." Maldives is at major risk of flooding at all times. However, without the help of foreign investment or charity, I think that the Maldives will be affected very harshly by climate change, and may be entirely submerged by the end of the century. 11.The Maldives are ranked the world’s third most endangered nation due to flooding from climate change and global warming. K. Warne, “Will Pacific Island Nations Disappear as Seas Rise? “Maldives plan to embrace mass tourism sparks criticism and outrage,” The Guardian. 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